Skip to main content
About the Minor
Declare the Minor
Required Courses
Required Exams
Student Teaching
Chinese Language Teaching 7-12

The Dual Language Immersion K-12 Teaching Minor prepares students to earn a Utah Dual Language Immersion (DLI) endorsement, which may be attached to either an elementary or secondary-level teaching license. This means that education majors (early childhood, special, elementary, and secondary), if they complete a DLI minor and endorsement, are eligible to teach in a Utah DLI classroom at any level from kindergarten through grade 12.

The state of Utah leads the nation in immersion education, with nearly 300 elementary and secondary schools implementing the Utah DLI model in Chinese, French, German, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish. Students who complete a DLI minor at BYU have a strong chance of being hired to work in a Utah DLI school, and are also well prepared to teach in immersion programs in other states.

Dual Language Immersion in Utah

Utah Dual Immersion video

For more information on Utah’s Dual Language Immersion programs visit

Students who successfully complete the DLI minor in addition to their teaching major will be recommended to the state of Utah for a DLI endorsement as well as a World Language endorsement in their respective foreign language. In order to qualify for these endorsements, the state requires an oral proficiency rating of Advanced Mid or higher, as well as a passing score on the Praxis test in their language of specialty.

Program Learning Outcomes

1. Articulate theoretical principles and research findings that support dual language instruction, especially with regard to immersion education
2. Identify appropriate objectives for the learning of academic content, language, literacy, and culture that correspond to curriculum guidelines and student proficiency levels
3. Select and modify curriculum and materials for use in immersion programs
4. Plan for instruction that systematically integrates a focus on academic content with a focus on language
5. Manage the classroom in the immersion language, making input comprehensible and sustaining a clear and consistent separation of languages.
6. Scaffold activities to provide opportunities for student output in the immersion language and elicit specific language functions and forms
7. Teach initial literacy skills in two languages and promote the development of biliteracy
8. Implement formative and summative assessments of subject matter and language learning, and apply assessment results to improve instruction


Ellen Knell
DLI Minor Program Coordinator
3094 JFSB

Declare the DLI minor

You must have a declared teaching major (a pre-major does not count). Once a teaching major has been declared, your major academic advisement center can add the DLI minor. 

Even though the DLI minor has been declared, please note that FLANG 301, 302, 477 are blocked classes until you have taken FLANG 300 and passed the OPI with an Advance-Mid score or higher.

Once you have passed the OPI, contact Liberal Arts Advisement (, 801-422-3541) to remove the registration block. Please provide them with a copy of your OPI test results.

Once a passing score is confirmed, the DLI registration block will be removed allowing you to register for the above classes.


Ellen Knell 
DLI Minor Program Coordinator 
3094 JFSB 

DLI Course Rotation

Fall Semester

  • FLANG 300 Foundations of Dual Language and Immersion Education
  • FLANG 477 DLI K-12 Student Teaching
Winter Semester

  • FLANG 301 Content-Based Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment
  • FLANG 302 Biliteracy Development in DLI Classrooms
  • FLANG 477 DLI K-12 Student Teaching
Spring Term

  • FLANG 477 DLI K-12 Student Teaching
Summer Term

  • FLANG 477 DLI K-12 Student Teaching

Course Sequence

1. FLANG 300 must be taken first in order to declare the minor
2. FLANG 477 (student teaching) must be taken last
3. The remaining three courses — FLANG 301, FLANG 302, and CHIN/FREN/GERM/PORT/SPAN 377 – may be taken in any order, as well as simultaneously, depending on course scheduling. It is strongly recommended that you take the 377 methods class as early as possible after completing FLANG 300 and passing the OPI. The methods classes in each language are offered only once or twice a year, and they often conflict with other required courses for teaching majors, especially the practicum courses for El Ed and ECE. It is therefore best to take 377 as early as possible so as to avoid scheduling conflicts.

For more information, visit the BYU Course Catalog.

Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI)

In order to declare the DLI minor and qualify for Utah DLI endorsement, candidates are required to pass an Oral Proficiency Interview with a rating of Advanced Mid or higher (see ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines for a description of the necessary speaking skills).

The OPI is generally taken in conjunction with FLANG 300, and signup instructions will be given in that class. Thanks to a generous donor, the College of Humanities will pay for you to take these tests once at no cost to you. If you desire to repeat the OPI in order to improve your rating, you will need to pay the cost of retaking it, which currently is approximately $144.00.

Praxis and Other Exams

In order to qualify for a world language endorsement in languages where a Praxis test is available, the state of Utah requires a passing score on the respective Praxis test (see Praxis Requirements for cutoff scores). In other languages, a BYU FLATS test may be required in lieu of a Praxis (see the BYU FLATS Website).

Following is a breakdown of test requirements by language:

Chinese: Chinese (Mandarin) World Language Praxis

French: French World Language Praxis

German: German World Language Praxis

Portuguese: BYU Portuguese FLATS Test  Passing score: 128/149 (85%)

Spanish: Spanish World Language Praxis

Russian: BYU Russian FLATS Test  Passing score: 128/150 (85%)

*View a list of Praxis scores and tests.

You must pass the Praxis or FLATS test at the required cutoff level prior to student teaching.

Background Clearance & Fingerprinting

Most of the courses include a short field experience where students spend 10-15 hours observing and assisting the teacher in a DLI classroom. As per BYU policy, prior to any field experience, students must be fingerprinted and obtain criminal background clearance, which you should have already done for your teaching major. Visit

Student Teaching Application

1. Apply to student teach in both your major and your DLI minor through Education Student Services. Visit
2. Complete fingerprinting and background clearance (see above).
3. Sign up for FLANG 477R (4 credits). You must sign up for this in conjunction with your student teaching. NOTE: Please be sure to sign up for the right section/language of FLANG 477R.

Students who student teach during Fall or Winter are usually assigned a 10-week placement in their teaching major and a separate 4-week placement in a DLI classroom in their respective language. It is also possible to complete DLI student teaching separately during Spring Term; this is necessary for students who plan to complete a full-time internship in their teaching major.

To Learn More about Student Teaching Policies and Procedures, visit Policies on Student Teaching Placements for DLI Teaching Minors

A teacher with her students in a classroom.

Visit the Chinese Flagship Secondary Curriculum page: